Earth observation satellites have existed for nearly four years, providing information about global resources and environmental changes. Public missions, such as NASA’s Landsat mission and the Copernicus Sentinel mission, facilitated many subsequent scientific and industrial applications. It is hard to imagine a scientific or industrial field not benefiting from the tracking provided by Earth observation satellites.
In recent years, the Earth observation industry has begun to change. The size and cost of satellites are shrinking, while the spatial and temporal resolutions are also improving. Trade delegations are increasingly complementary and interoperable with public delegations to provide more knowledge for downstream scientific and industrial applications. Parallel advances in cloud computing, machine learning, and software engineering have made Earth observation data suitable for more solutions than ever before.
planetary satellites captured forest loss in the German Thuringer Forest | Source: Planet Labs Inc.
forest monitoring is one of the areas that benefit from improved Earth observation systems. Planet is a company that images the entire planet every day, supplementing traditional forest monitoring data by providing high-resolution, high-tempo monitoring on a global scale. These data sets strengthen the monitoring system of the United Nations Forestry and Climate Commitment; help the World Bank make forest monitoring easier and more accurate; support governments in the lower Mekong region to combat illegal deforestation; and help commercial forestry companies achieve new efficiencies and cost savings.
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In September 2020, the Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment (NICFI) and Kongsberg Satellites Services signed an international contract (KSAT) ), Planet, and Airbus provide universal access to commercial Earth observation data to help stop tropical deforestation. Sveinung Rotevatn, Norwegian Minister of Climate and Environment, stated: “A better understanding of what is happening in the rainforest will strengthen efforts to protect these valuable ecosystems.”
With the interoperability of public and commercial data sets and the additional space provided by them One of the rapidly advancing areas of forest monitoring with time resolution is the verification and classification of deforestation warnings. Traditionally, deforestation warnings are driven by satellite data sources of 30 or 10 meters per pixel. With universal access & lt; Commercial satellite data of 5 m per pixel is now available through the NICFI satellite data plan, and deforestation warning verification and classification are becoming more efficient, accurate and actionable than ever.
“Providing the government with scientifically validated Earth observation data sets is critical to achieving our climate and resource sustainability goals.”
High-resolution commercial data is now the most popular choice for Global Forest Watch users, many of them Use this data in conjunction with low-resolution alerts to reduce misunderstandings, verify deforestation events, and classify their causes. The United Nations Program to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) and NASA’s SERVIR network have successfully used these warnings and commercial data sets to take action on deforestation and degradation events. REDD + African National Forest Monitoring Coordinator and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Remi D`Annunzio pointed out: “We have missed a lot of degradation, and it is even easy to detect. Anything else is not PlanetNICFI data.”
EU institutions and member states must be able to learn more This source has the best data on the overall state of European forests and biodiversity. Given the implementation of the Biodiversity Strategy 2030 and the Forest Strategy, a centralized system supplemented with commercial data can ensure automatic detection, classification and processing of changes down to the level of individual trees.
Earth observation technology has undergone decades of scientific verification, follow-up innovation and economic results. Equipping governments with scientifically validated Earth observation data sets is critical to achieving our climate and resource sustainability goals.